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India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Vietnam & Cambodia, have been famous choices for t-shirts manufacturing due to low labour costs.

Which country is the cheapest place to make a t-shirt?

Determining the cheapest place to make a t-shirt depends on various factors, including labor costs, material costs, infrastructure, and regulations. Historically, countries in Asia, such as India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Vietnam, and Cambodia, have been popular choices for t-shirts manufacturing and also hosts famous t shirt manufacturers due to their relatively low labor costs.

Here’s a breakdown of Pros and Cons of manufacturing t-shirts for each of these 6 countries:

  1. India: The t-shirt manufacturing industry in India is characterized by a diverse range of manufacturers and textile hubs like Tirupur and Ludhiana, leveraging a large pool of skilled labor and offering a variety of fabrics
    • Pros:
      • Large labor force with diverse skills.
      • Improving infrastructure.
      • Growing textile industry.
      • Favorable trade agreements with some countries.
    • Cons:
      • Complex regulatory environment.
      • Inconsistent power supply and infrastructure in some regions.
      • Issues with bureaucracy and corruption.
      • Varied quality standards across manufacturers.
  2. Pakistan: Pakistan benefits from its well-established textile industry, with major centers in Karachi and Lahore, despite challenges posed by political instability.
    • Pros:
      • Lower labor costs compared to some other countries.
      • Well-established textile industry.
      • Proximity to Middle Eastern and European markets.
    • Cons:
      • Political instability and security concerns in some regions.
      • Limited availability of skilled labor.
      • Challenges with energy supply and infrastructure.
      • Relatively smaller garment industry compared to some other countries.
  3. China: China, a dominant player, boasts advanced manufacturing capabilities in provinces like Guangdong, Zhejiang, and Jiangsu, although facing challenges like rising labor costs.
    • Pros:
      • Well-developed infrastructure.
      • Skilled labor force.
      • Efficient supply chain networks.
      • Access to advanced technology and machinery.
    • Cons:
      • Rising labor costs.
      • Increasing environmental regulations.
      • Trade tensions with certain countries.
      • Long lead times and higher transportation costs for some markets.
  4. Vietnam: Vietnam’s t-shirt manufacturing industry has emerged rapidly, supported by competitive labor costs and improving infrastructure.
    • Pros:
      • Competitive labor costs.
      • Favorable trade agreements (e.g., EVFTA, CPTPP).
      • Improving infrastructure and logistics.
      • Political stability and supportive government policies.
    • Cons:
      • Limited capacity for large-scale production.
      • Relatively smaller textile industry compared to some other countries.
      • Challenges with labor rights and working conditions in some factories.
      • Dependence on imported raw materials.
  5. Cambodia: Cambodia’s garment sector benefits from preferential trade agreements, yet encounters challenges with labor rights and infrastructure.
    • Pros:
      • Low labor costs.
      • Preferential trade agreements (e.g., Everything But Arms with EU).
      • Simplified regulatory environment for garment manufacturing.
      • Growing garment industry with foreign investment.
    • Cons:
      • Limited diversification in the economy.
      • Issues with labor rights and working conditions.
      • Infrastructure challenges in some areas.
      • Vulnerability to external economic shocks.
  6. Bangladesh: Bangladesh stands as one of the largest exporters of ready-made garments, including t-shirts, driven by low labor costs and preferential trade agreements, albeit facing scrutiny over labor rights.
    • Pros:
      • Very low labor costs.
      • Established garment manufacturing industry.
      • Preferential trade agreements (e.g., Generalized System of Preferences).
      • Proximity to major markets like Europe and the United States.
    • Cons:
      • Labor rights issues and safety concerns in some factories.
      • Vulnerability to natural disasters.
      • Limited diversification beyond the garment sector.
      • Infrastructure constraints and logistical challenges.

These are the 6 countries that has cheapest & famous t shirt manufacturers in the world.