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Tirupur, India, is a major hub for t-shirts clothing manufacturing, known for extensive use of various types of yarns for knitting. - Synerg

7 Types of yarn used for knitting by t-shirt manufacturers in India

Tirupur, India, is a major hub for t-shirt, hoodie, sleepwear, children’s clothing manufacturing, known for its extensive use of various types of yarns for knitting. Here are the different types / kinds of yarn for knitting used by t-shirt manufacturers in Tirupur, India:

  1. Cotton Yarn:
    • Combed Cotton: This yarn is made by further processing carded cotton to remove short fibers and impurities, resulting in a smoother, stronger, and more lustrous yarn.
      • Super Combed Cotton: This is an advanced version of combed cotton where the fibers are even more thoroughly combed to remove shorter fibers and impurities, resulting in an even smoother, stronger, and more durable yarn.
    • Carded Cotton: The basic form of cotton yarn where fibers are carded to align and remove some impurities. It is less smooth compared to combed cotton.
    • Organic Cotton:
      • NPOP Cotton: Stands for National Programme for Organic Production. It is a certification for organic cotton produced in India, ensuring that the cotton is grown without synthetic pesticides and fertilizers and meets strict organic farming standards.
    • Pima Cotton: A higher-end, long-staple cotton known for its extra-long fibers, which produce a silkier, softer, and more durable yarn.
    • Egyptian Cotton: Similar to Pima, Egyptian cotton is known for its long-staple fibers, producing high-quality, luxurious fabrics.
  2. Blended Yarn:
    • Cotton-Polyester Blends:
      • High-Performance Blends: Blends like 65% cotton and 35% polyester are optimized for durability and moisture-wicking properties, often used in sportswear and activewear.
    • Cotton-Modal Blends: Modal, a type of rayon made from beech tree pulp, adds a silky feel and high absorbency to the cotton blend, enhancing the comfort and drape of the fabric.
  3. Polyester Yarn:
    • Recycled Polyester (rPET): Made from recycled PET bottles, this yarn is used to create sustainable and eco-friendly t-shirts. It maintains the durability and quick-drying properties of virgin polyester but with a reduced environmental footprint.
    • Microfiber Polyester: Extremely fine polyester fibers that create a soft, silk-like texture, often used in high-performance sportswear.
  4. Viscose Yarn:
    • Bamboo Viscose: Derived from bamboo pulp, this yarn is soft, breathable, and naturally antibacterial. It is favored for its eco-friendliness and comfort.
    • Modal: A type of viscose known for its high strength, softness, and excellent moisture-wicking properties. It is often blended with cotton to enhance the fabric’s overall performance and comfort.
  5. Lycra/Spandex Yarn:
    • Cotton-Spandex Blends: Typically, 95% cotton and 5% spandex, this blend provides stretchability and better shape retention, ideal for fitted and activewear t-shirts.
  6. Linen Yarn:
    • Pure Linen: Made from flax fibers, linen yarn is lightweight, breathable, and has excellent moisture-wicking properties. It is ideal for summer t-shirts due to its cool feel.
    • Blended Linen: Often blended with cotton to create a fabric that combines the breathability and durability of linen with the softness of cotton.
  7. Melange Yarn:
    • Melange Cotton: Made by blending fibers of different colors or fibers dyed in different shades before spinning. This creates a unique, heathered appearance and is popular in fashion-forward t-shirt designs.

Specialized Cotton Types:

  1. NPOP Cotton:
    • Certified organic cotton under the National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP) in India. This certification ensures the cotton is grown without synthetic pesticides, fertilizers, and genetically modified organisms (GMOs), promoting sustainable farming practices.
    • Benefits: Eco-friendly, supports sustainable agriculture, and often has superior softness and purity.
  2. Better Cotton Initiative (BCI) Cotton:
    • BCI is a global not-for-profit organization that promotes better standards in cotton farming and practices. BCI cotton ensures minimal environmental impact and improved livelihoods for farmers.
    • Benefits: Sustainable farming practices, better for the environment, and often provides a softer, higher-quality fabric.
  3. Supima Cotton:
    • An American-grown, premium cotton known for its extra-long staple fibers, which result in stronger, softer, and more color-retentive yarns.
    • Benefits: Superior strength, softness, and color retention, making it ideal for high-end, luxury t-shirts.
  4. Pima Cotton:
    • Similar to Supima, Pima cotton is known for its long, silky fibers, providing exceptional softness and durability.
    • Benefits: Luxurious feel, high durability, and excellent pilling resistance.

Advanced Yarn Types and Blends:

  1. Performance Yarns:
    • Moisture-Wicking Cotton Blends: Designed to wick moisture away from the body, these blends often combine cotton with polyester or other performance fibers to enhance comfort during physical activities.
    • Antimicrobial Yarns: Treated with antimicrobial agents to prevent the growth of odor-causing bacteria, ideal for sports and activewear.
  2. Eco-Friendly Blends:
    • Tencel/Lyocell: Made from sustainably sourced wood pulp, Tencel fibers are known for their softness, strength, and eco-friendliness. Often blended with cotton for enhanced sustainability and comfort.
    • Recycled Blends: Combining recycled cotton and polyester to create sustainable fabrics that reduce waste and promote circular fashion.

These are types / kinds of cotton and blended yarn used by the t-shirts manufacturers of tirupur, India.

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